Vitreoretinal surgery is the treatment of disorders related to the retina, vitreous and macula. Specialized techniques, instruments and solutions are used to treat conditions that include retinal detachment, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and uveitis.
Retinal and vitreous problems can cause severe loss of vision or even blindness.
Vitreo-retinal surgery includes the following:-
Anterior vitrectomy is the removal of the front portion of vitreous tissue. It is used for preventing or treating vitreous loss during cataract or corneal surgery, or to remove misplaced vitreous in conditions such as aphakia pupillary block glaucoma.
Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), or trans pars plana vitrectomy (TPPV), is a procedure to remove vitreous opacities and membranes through a pars plana incision. It is frequently combined with other intraocular procedures for the treatment of giant retinal tears, tractional retinal detachments, and posterior vitreous detachments.
2. Retinal detachment repair options are
Retinal cryopexy, or retinal cryotherapy
3. Macular hole repair