Overview

Glaucoma refers to a group of diseases that causes damage to the optic nerve. The Optic nerve fibers give us sight. The NFL can be damaged when the pressure of the eye become high. Vision Loss and blindness will result if Glaucoma is left untreated.


Symptoms

Glaucoma named as “Sneak thief of sight” because there are usually no symptoms.


Types

Primary (Most Common)-
(a) OAG
(b) ACG

Secondary-
OAG- It is the most common type often referred” Silent Type”.
ACG- Acute attack is a medical emergency. Red pain full eye along with headache blurry vision, Rainbow colored haloes nausea and vomiting.

Epidemiology- approximate 90.8 million individuals appear to have Glaucoma world wide.


Diagnosis

40 + individuals should have annual examination including measurement of IOP.
The Suspects may need additional testing.
1. Ophthalmoscopy
2. Visual Field Test.
3. Gonioscopy


Treatment

The Goal of treatment is to reduce eye pressure to a level at which no more damage occurs.


Treatment Options

1. Medical
2. Surgical
3. Laser

If treated properly Glaucoma s not at all a dangerous disease but if not treated or left carelessly the patient will loose eye sight completely which will be irreversible and nothing can be done to restore the sight.

 
 
 
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